Historical Figures of USA / World - Online MCQ


Historical Figures of USA - Online MCQ

Bill Gates

William Henry Gates III was born on October 28 in 1955). He was an American businessman, programmer, salesman, writer, and philanthropist. He is the founder of Microsoft and his childhood friend Paul Allen. Served at Microsoft, Gates served as chairman, CEO (president), president, and senior programmer, and served as a senior co-founder until May 2014. Bill Gates was known as one of the leading microcomputer technicians in the 1970s and 1980s.
Gates was born in Seattle, Washington.  He and Allen founded Microsoft in Albuquerque, New Mexico, in 1975; this became the largest company in the world. In the late 1990s, he was criticized for his business transactions, which he considered controversial. Some court decisions support this view. In June 2008, Gates began to work part-time at Microsoft and part-time at the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, a private foundation established in 2000 by Melinda Gates and his wife. In February, he stepped down as the chairman of the Microsoft board of directors. In 2014, he served as the technical adviser to the new CEO, Satya Nadella (Satya Nadella). In March 2020, Gates handed over his responsibilities to Microsoft and Berkshire Hathaway, dedicated to philanthropy, including climate change, global health, and education.
Gates has been included in the Forbes Global Rich List. From 1995 to 2017, except for 2010 to 2013, he became the head of Forbes' world's richest man every year. In October 2017, he was promoted by Amazon founder and CEO Jeff Bezos, compared to Gates' total financing of 90.6 billion US dollars, which was 89.9 billion US dollars. As of May 2021, Gates' wealth is estimated at US$144 billion, making him the wealthiest person in the world.
After Gates left Microsoft's daily operations in 2008, he did a lot of business and philanthropy later in his career. Bill Gates is chairman and founder of several companies, including BEN, Cascade Investment, bgC3, and TerraPower. By Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, Bill Gates donated a large number of funds to various charities and scientific research institutions, which is said to be the largest charity organization in the world. About wild poliovirus in Africa. In 2010, Gates and Warren Buffett formed the pledge, where they and billions of others pledged to donate half of their wealth to support.

Abraham Lincoln 

Abraham Lincoln  (February 12, 1809-April 15, 1865) was an American lawyer and politician. He served as the 16th President of the United States from 1861 until his assassination in 1865. Lincoln had led the country through the American Civil War and retained the Union, abolished slavery, strengthened the federal government, and boosted the American economy.

Lincoln was born into a low-income family and grew up mainly on the Indiana border. He trained himself and became a lawyer, leader of the Whig Party, a member of the Illinois government, and a member of the U.S Congress in Illinois. In 1849, he was reinstated as a lawyer but was outraged by the Kansas-Nebraska Act, which opened other areas of slavery. He re-entered politics in 1854, became the leader of a new Republican party, and attracted the attention of a rallying party against Stephen Douglas in 1858. Lincoln ran for President in 1860 and swept the North with victory. The Southern slave movement compares its successes with the North's denial of its right to slavery, and the southern states began to secede from the Union. To secure independence, the new Confederate government opened Fort Sumter in the south of the United States, and Lincoln called on the military to quell the rebellion and restore the Union.

Lincoln was a mild-tempered Republican, and he had to contend with several rival factions and even opposition from the Democratic and Republican parties. His supporters, the War Democrats and mature Republicans, want the Southern League to be brutal. The Anti-War Democratic Party (known as the "Bronze Head") mocked Lincoln, and the Confederate factions plotted to assassinate him. He oversaw the groups by abusing each other, distributing political alliances, and appealing to the American people. Gettysburg's words echoed the patriotism, republicanism, egalitarianism, liberalism, and democracy ideology. Lincoln carefully analyzed the tactics and ideas of the war, including the choice of spies and the blockade of southern trade. He stopped the habeas corpus in Maryland and avoided interfering with Britain by ending what happened in Trent. He enacted the abolition of slavery through the Declaration of Emancipation, in addition to his command that the military and the army release, protect and recruit former slaves. He also urged border states to ban slavery and advocated the Thirteenth Amendment to the U.S.U.S. Constitution, which prohibits slavery nationwide.
Lincoln campaigned aggressively for re-election. Through reconciliation, he attempted to repair the war-torn globe. He and his wife Mary went to see a play at the Ford Theater in Washington, D.C.D.C. on April 14, 1865, just days after the Appomattox war ended, but were shot by a fellow Ally listener, John Wilkes Booth (John Wilkes Booth). Lincoln is remembered as a patriot and a hero of the United States, and he is regarded as one of the country's finest presidents.

Rosa Parks

Rosa Louise McCauley Parks (February 4, 1913-October 24, 2005) was an African-American civil rights activist in the Montgomery Bus Riot . The US Congress praised her as the "first mother of human rights" and the "mother of the civil rights movement."

On December 1, 1955, in Montgomery, Alabama, Parkes refused to let James F. Black's bus driver leave the four seats in the "black" section instead of allowing the white man to fill the "white" area. Rider. Parkes is not the first person to oppose bus manipulation. Still, the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) believes that he is the best person to stand trial after being arrested for violating the Alabama segregation law. And helped persuade the black people to reject the Montgomery bus temporarily. More than a year. The case was dismissed in the federal court, but Browder v. Gal of Montgomery filed a ruling in November 1956; according to the US 14th Amendment Equal Protection Clause, bus discrimination is illegal.

Park protests and boycotts of Montgomery buses became vital signs of the movement. He became an international figure of anti-apartheid activism and worked orderly with human rights leaders, including Edgar Nixon and Martin Luther King. Principal of Montgomery, National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. He just graduated from the Tennessee Capital Folk School, a place to train human rights activists and racists. In recent years, although he is highly regarded, he has also suffered for his actions; he lost his job, and a few years later, he was threatened with execution. He went to Detroit soon after, where he obtained comparable work for a short time. He worked as a secretary and receptionist for John Conyers, the United States ambassador to the United Nations, from 1965 until 1988. He also pushed for Black Power and was aided by political prisoners from the United States.

Parkes published his autobiography after retiring and maintained that there is still much work to be done in the battle for justice. The park has received several awards, including the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People's Spengarn Medal in 1979, the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the Islamic Gold Medal, and a United States' National statue Statue Hall. After her death in 2005, she died the first woman to sleep peacefully in the rotunda of the Capitol. California and Missouri commemorated Rosa Parks' birthday on February 4, while Ohio and Oregon commemorated her arrest on December 1.

Martin Luther King

Martin Luther King (formerly known as Michael King; January 15, 1929-April 4, 1968) was an American Baptist pastor and activist. Inspired by the Christian faith and the unwavering cruelty of Mahatma Gandhi, King promoted human rights by abstaining from violence and disobedience. He is the son of Martin Luther King, a human rights activist, and prime minister.

King participated in and organized demonstrations on the importance of black people voting, ending discrimination, workers' rights, and other civil rights. King led the Montgomery Bus Boycott in 1955 and later became the first chair of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC). As chairman of the SCLC, he led the unsuccessful Albany faction in Albany, Georgia, and helped organize Birmingham, Alabama, in 1963. King helped organize demonstrations in Washington in 1963, where he gave a famous "I Have a Dream" talk on the way to the Memorial. Lincoln.

SCLC has used a violent protest approach to select venues and venues and has been successful. There were countless conflicts with authoritarian rulers and sometimes violent ones—Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) chief J. Edgar Hoover thought King was a traitor, and since 1963 he had been in talks with the FBI COINTELPRO. FBI agents investigated his communist relationship, wrote about the marriage, reported it to government officials, and sent a threatening letter to King in 1964, stating that he wanted to commit suicide.

On October 14, 1964, the King won the Nobel Peace Prize for resolving racial and ethnic differences. In 1965, he helped organize two-thirds of Selma's trips to Montgomery. In his final years, he developed a strong interest in joining the fight against poverty, capitalism, and the Vietnam War.

In 1968, King planned to take over the state of Washington, DC, the so-called Poor People's Movement but was assassinated in Memphis, Tennessee, on April 4. After his death, riots broke out in several cities in the United States. The assertion that the shooting of King James Earl Ray was carried out or in collaboration with government agents has been going on for years. Kim received the President's Freedom Medal in 1977 and the DRM Gold Medal in 2003. Martin Luther King Jr. Day has been established as a holiday in cities and states in the United States since 1971; the holiday was described in state laws and by-laws signed by President Ronald Reagan in 1986. Hundreds of streets in the United States were later relocated, and the Washington State metropolitan area was renamed. Martin Luther King Jr., The Memorial at the National Mall in Washington, DC, was completed in 2011.

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